Both halves of the motor core are produced using one set of tools: heated fixed-fill shelf die, core rod, single upper punch, and six thin-walled lower fill punches. Formed from a high-compressibility inorganically insulated iron powder, the parts are compacted with pressures exceeding 67 psi to a density range of 7.4–7.5 g/cm³, typical ultimate tensile strength of 7,000 psi, and 19,000 psi transverse rupture strength. The parts are compacted to net shape and require no secondary operations. They belong to a new generation of DC motors using soft magnetic composite powder metallurgy (PM) materials to enable greater design freedom for designers of electric machines.
Designing this part with powder metallurgy resulted in:
- A 60% energy efficiency increase
- A part design that uses 70% less copper
- The elimination of 26 parts resulting in a simplified motor assembly